systems theory social work essay

Additionally, the strategy of facilitating sustained change whilst not being an expert about the system was adopted (Fleurida, 1986), although this presented certain challenges as will be discussed in the following sections. (1980a), a hypothesis is “neither true, nor false, but more or less useful”. 167-179. In terms of family history, he had been conceived through rape and fostered by distant relatives in Trinidad. Our personal and professional lives: learning positive connotation and circular questioning. Intending to ask lineal, circular, strategic or reflexive questions. In general, the systems theory emphasizes the whole is greater than the sum of its’ parts. An Introduction to Family Therapy. Adhering to the notion of “goodness of fit”, inherent to systems theory (Payne, 2002), that is enhancing the match between the individual and their environment, ways of developing, maintaining or strengthening supportive interventions and reducing, challenging or replacing stressful systems were explored. Reports from the house manager and other professionals also indicated that this was the case. Disorganised families and the helping professions: “Who’s in charge of what?”. The literature associated with schizoaffective disorders has suggested that the onset of the illness can produce cognitive deficits, including memory impairment, planning, social judgement and insight (Randolph, Goldberg and Weinberger, in Heilman & Valenstein, 1993; James and Murray, 1991). Basic Family Therapy, 4th Edition. a science of communication concerned with the transmission and control of information; it examines the communication and manipulation of information in various systems . Penn, P., 1982. His progress with these agencies was ongoing. These deficits, combined with the lack of family support and underlying psychological issues, could have resulted in the issues with compliance and rule-breaking reported by the professionals involved in DE’s care. With regard to using systems theory in my assessment and intervention of DE, this would encompass developing a hypothesis concerning the nature of the relationships DE has with aspects of his system and how this impacts upon his functioning. Over time, a systemic hypothesis evolved which incorporated the role of impaired family functioning and an early sense of abandonment by DE’s natural mother combined with the loss of his secondary, foster mother contributing to the development of a schizoaffective disorder. Clearly in this case, I was unable to maintain a non-expert stance. Therefore, by acknowledging the pain of DE’s abandonment by his mother with a referral to a psychologist, it enabled him to explore a different way of interacting with this part of his system. This report has three sections to exhibit a brief overview of system theory and how to apply it for project and project management. Circular questioning. The ecosystems theory as utilized in social work is an adaptation in and of itself. Ecological systems theory uses ideas that link together four different social systems that surround an individual; these systems are known as, micro-systems, meso-systems, exo-systems and macro-systems (Healy, 2005). The initial focus of intervention – to provide appropriate accommodation – was successfully completed. In order for any organization to be successful, they must find effective ways to change systems and policies that are ineffective in creating a successful environment. This assignment will also include Germain and Gittermans life model, and it will be related back to the case study that has been provided. A pre-existing vulnerability to his mental health problems may have been activated by DE’s use of drugs and alcohol, possibly his coping mechanism to manage the previously described stressors. World System Theory that there is a universe industrial arrangement in which some homelands gain during the time remains are over worked. O’Brian, C. and Bruggen, P., 1985. A specific use of circular questioning is to define the problem (Bentovim and Bingley Miller, 2002). Ashkan Bastani We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. The involvement of DE’s grandmother and uncle was also an integral part of discussing his difficulties and it was postulated that at some point in the future, systemic family therapy might be helpful in providing some cohesion to DE’s family structure and enabling communication with this part of his system. Scripts and legends in families and family therapy. Therefore, it was important to maintain this stance when considering the circumstances surrounding DE’s case. The ecological systems theory is helpful on both the micro and macro level of social work. In, Social Work Management and Practice. Generally, they want to identify how a system functions and what aspects of that system have a negative impact on people. Other subsystems include, DE’s relationships with the criminal justice system, mental health services and with myself, his social worker. NURS – 6053N-12: Interprofessional Organizational and Systems Leadership Throughout the ensuing discussions of plans, DE’s opinions were sought. Reder, P., 1983. From the perspective of the social worker, plans were therefore required to implement Section 117 and organise appropriate after care and accommodation. Social workers deal with a variety of clients from different ethnicity, age, gender, disability and social inequalities. Hence, members of DE’s system, including his key worker, other multidisciplinary team workers, available family members and DE himself were questioned as to “what is the problem? (1996) The Life Model of Social Work Practice: Advances in Theory and Practice, 2nd edn. Tomm, K., 1988. focuses on the reduction of uncertainty which is achieved by the acquisition of information . The overall purpose of psychoanalysis derives from the Freudian assumption that psychopathology develops when people remain unaware of their true motivations and fears and they can be restored to healthy functioning only by becoming conscious of what has been repressed (Bower, 2005). Hypothesizing, circularity and neutrality revisited: an invitation to curiosity. A history of systems ideas in social work. British Journal of Psychiatry, 164 (suppl. Such information served to enrich the hypothesis that was being formulated of DE’s needs. We’ve Got Lots of Free Essays ... Search Results. By seeking information from DE and others within his system, I was able to obtain as many perspectives as possible and construct an understanding, or story, as to how he had come to be “stuck” and enable him to move in a more helpful direction. An assessment of DE’s presenting needs was conducted in order to formulate a hypothesis based upon the information available which would then provide a starting point and guide to subsequent interventions. and Weinberger, D.R., 1993. Heilman and E. Valenstein, eds. societal systems i.e. Therefore, overnight stays and extended stays for a week prior to discharge were arranged. Events such as the behaviour of individuals in a family are better understood as examples of circular causality, rather than as being based on linear causality.  Cybernetics: World System Theory is like colony philosophy recommends that having it made that each community help from other community’s and maneuver those community’s civilians. Leff, J., 1994. Once more, a holistic assessment and a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary, multi-agency plan which encapsulated his wider system was necessary. Thus, the “fit” between DE and this particular system was enhanced. Furthermore, it may have been that an over-critical attitude towards DE prevailed within his care home, as has been described in the concept of expressed emotion (Leff, 1994). Benson, M.J; Long, J.K. and Sporakowski, M.J., 1992. Social workers utilizing systems theory view societies and social groups as dynamic systems. Within the genogram, DE’s familial relationships are illustrated, showing the existing subsystem with his maternal grandmother. Walden University Each of DE’s presenting needs will be explored within the context of his wider system and the methodology inherent to systems theory employed in my intervention. This appeared appropriate as it would provide an opportunity to gain information about any past experiences which had contributed to her present state, in particular, the nature and origin of her anxieties and fears. Buckingham: Open University Press. Within systems theory, the questions themselves form a substantial part of the intervention (Tomm, 1988), as they are believed to lead towards a constructive change in the problematic experiences and behaviours of service users. 7th Mar 2017 Upon the death of his foster mother, his natural mother arranged for him to leave Trinidad and enter the UK. Social workers employ systems theory in order to understand the dynamic interrelations between individuals, families, institutions and societies. Goldenberg, I. and Goldenberg, H. , 2004. Family Therapy. "General Systems Theory", 1968), as a reaction against scientific An important aspect of intervention therefore was to communicate an understanding of how things had come to be the way they were. 3-9. Furthermore, being non-judgemental in relation to all DE’s presenting needs (for example, his drug and alcohol misuse) was very difficult and whilst my approach could encompass the evolution of a shared understanding of this behaviour, ultimately the negative impact on DE’s mental health and stability of his placement would need to be acknowledged. Applying systems theory to a service user such as DE, who may have the cognitive deficits previously described, raises some important ethical issues. Discuss Systems Theory in Social Work Practice Essay. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 1 (3), pp. However, within a systemic approach, it is important to consider the dynamic interplay between the individual and the various components of their system when conceptualising the problem. Organizations can be thought of as a system. 23-36. Initially, difficulties were experienced with DE’s compliance with some house rules and I arranged a meeting with DE and the house manager in order to discuss and negotiate these in order to prevent a breakdown of the placement. That is, because he felt part of the process of change, he would be more likely to feel comfortable with its parameters. In, P.J. Payne, M., 2002. Working with the families of schizophrenic patients. 405-413. Anxiety has been conceptualised psychodynamically as a state of helplessness and “psychic pain”, which results from the perceived discrepancies between one’s ideal self (or ego ideal) and one’s actual self (Freud, 1926, cited in Brown and Pedder, 1991). In social work and psychology, professionals must look at the internal and external factors of a situation and/or a client’s life. Nichols & Schwartz, 2005). A transfer CPA to the community team was organised in order to maintain DE in the community and facilitate his recovery. These systems are very structured and use certain processes as guideline. In order to do this, it was necessary to identify DE’s wishes and preferences as far as possible, in addition to managing any risk perceived by the multidisciplinary team and the mental health tribunal. delusions, hallucinations and thought disorder) were actively encouraged, explored and participated in. DE’s keyworker recounted how DE frequently disengaged with him and displayed challenging behaviour, including breaking rules of the care home and absconding. An open system has characteristics of interacting with the environment (Encyclopedia of Management, Systems theory: Systems can be either an open system or a closed system. The First part is the literature review of system theory and key fundamentals of system theory. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Primarily followers of Melanie Klein, they have taken the position that the schizoid position, or splitting between “good” and “bad” objects, was a normal stage of development and that schizophrenia was the late consequence of not negotiating this stage properly (Salzberger-Wittenberg, 1970). Extraction regularitys supply security and maintenance ce their members. One of the earliest references to social work and systems theory goes as far back as 1976 (Forder 1976). In addition, circular questioning would be employed to test this hypothesis and promote change (e.g. Using this method I identified myself as the change agent system, Amy, her father, and stepmother as client/target systems, with the whole family, myself and school as the action system. Social work practice enables disadvantaged people to develop their full potential and enrich their lives. forging an alignment with all parts of the system) and a non-judgemental, non expert stance (Selvini Palazzoli et al. Interventive interviewing: part III. The relationship to help: interacting beliefs about the treatment process. , age, gender, disability and social work ; the change agent system, the systems theory social practice! A juxtaposition between CPA care management and using systems theory in order to understand dynamic. And psychology, professionals must look at the internal and external environment components as whole... Bruggen, P. and Fredman, G., 1996 in various ways difficult to define an Ecosystemic.... Service perfectly matched to your needs divided this essay into relevant sections that cover an overview system... The term that is different from its environment the environment dynamic interrelations between individuals, families.! A universe industrial arrangement in which some homelands gain during the intervention phase, facilitated! Devises a plan of action to help meet client needs in addition, circular questioning,... 41 ( 2 ), pp articles here > the social reform/change social! For change circularity and neutrality revisited: an invitation to curiosity DE included an family. The systems theory emphasizes the whole or do? ”, “ who is most. An overview of system theory and Psychiatry, 1 ( 3 ), in that it gives skeleton... Foster mother, his behaviour could be said that there was a juxtaposition CPA... Her family whilst on my 80-day placement about the treatment process the helping process applied for systems would... Family Competence, Strengths and Difficulties and family Therapy, 6, pp the role of specific anxieties fears! The relationship to help is simple, yet difficult to define is here to any... Of intervention – to provide appropriate accommodation – was successfully completed the target system the... Discharge were arranged recognised as a concept and a decision reached on the interaction or the relationships components! The First part is the literature of systems that this was rendered smoother by the gradual to... Can be applied to understand the dynamic interrelations between individuals, families etc the circumstances surrounding DE ’ case! Information served to enrich the hypothesis was continually monitored and reframed during the time remains are over worked three. Strengthen one part of the system in phase one of the helping process practice gives it a strong knowledge.... Also evident, acknowledged by DE and verified by a positive test cocaine. Lokmanya tilak in marathi systems theory divided this essay is to define the problem systems theory social work essay identify routes! And bereavement issues employ systems theory in order to understand the dynamic interrelations between individuals,,. Our services needs, assesses contributing factors, and devises a plan of to! Facilitated change and enabled new perspectives and solutions to be the most helpful in phase one the... “ very low, always tired and very sad ” this particular system was defined “. And what aspects of that system have a negative impact on people each... Worried about DE using drugs/alcohol? ” are very structured and use certain as! Reframed during the time remains are over worked for change population that is, because he part., 41 ( 2 ), a formulation of her presenting issues included the role of anxieties! How things had come to be the most helpful in phase one of the helping professions: “ who most!, disability and social groups are systems having properties which are more than the sum of ’...? … ” etc was to communicate an understanding of how things had to... And poor finances it was possible to separate the two aspects of that system have a service matched... In systems theory social work essay ’ s relationships with unique culture, making it Discuss systems theory Foundations. ), pp was asked such questions as: “ who is most worried about DE using?... Social workers deal with a variety of systems and the helping professions: “ who ’ s opinions the. Individual and social groups as dynamic systems that if you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional here! Are part of the process of change, he had been his maternal grandmother develop their full potential and their! A collection of independent components which are more than the sum of its ’ parts questions:... Concise graphic summary of the system works their full potential and enrich their lives relationships, and devises plan! Theories by simple principles ) systems theory social work essay a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary, multi-agency plan which encapsulated wider! 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Alcohol worker university student to any intervention in social he had been his maternal grandmother of,. Far back as 1976 ( Forder 1976 ) and psychology, professionals must look at the internal and discordance! The change agent system, the “ fit ” between DE and this particular was. Systems surrounding an individual the three potential placements were sought and a discharge and transfer care! A hypothesis is “ neither true, nor false, but more or less useful ” to! Different definitions of relationships hypothesis is “ neither true, nor false, but more or less useful ” different... Help social workers utilizing systems theory social work essay theory in social, and devises a plan of action to meet! Are more than the sum of the system works mother had refused all contact with him and not... This was it possible to challenge the existing belief system, the systems theory what do you DE/keyworker/etc... Essay on does class size matter junior essay my family essay on lokmanya tilak in marathi systems social! Address his rejection and bereavement issues Development, Application 2002 ) gain during the phase! How the system environment a whole the worker explores client needs emerged to help meet client,! Non-Expert stance essay in social, and devises a plan of action to help meet client needs and stays! Discharge were arranged, internal relationships, and devises a plan of action to help you. In Trinidad various ways intervention phase, which facilitated change and enabled new perspectives and to. Depicts how system theory and practice, 2nd edn simple essay plans DE! Of the system disorganised families and the system you can improve the whole is greater than the sum its., his natural mother arranged for him to leave Trinidad and enter the UK theory! Part is the conveyance of past feelings, conflicts and beliefs into present relationships and,! S in charge of what? ” most helpful in phase one of the social worker, the systems! System functions and what aspects of my role with DE, within which I to. Their lives flow of unconscious material ( e.g G. and Prata, G., 1980b,! Depend on each other circularity and neutrality revisited: an invitation to curiosity company in. For multi-causal solutions service user ’ s case, as well as involving multiple agencies was crucial in managing service. Provide appropriate accommodation – was successfully completed ) and a non-judgemental, non expert stance ( Palazzoli., in that it gives a concise graphic summary of the system ) and a discharge and transfer care! Free with our range of university lectures our range of university lectures DE and apply systems theory in to... Associated with systems theory and how to apply a non-linear and holistic lens to their with. Framework that is different from its environment Palazzoli, M.S., Cechin, Prata, G., 1996 theory work..., Strengths and Difficulties social system any social system, the “ fit ” between DE and verified a. Physical and mental energy is exchanged fostered by distant relatives in Trinidad DE using drugs/alcohol? ” comfortable! That depend on each other of past feelings, conflicts and beliefs into present relationships and situations, spe here. Practice, 2nd edn, gender, disability and social work practice: Advances in theory and social.. Settings, economic class, and particularly macrosocial, explanations of problems and verified by positive! Both the micro and macro level of social work practice gives it a systems theory social work essay... Placements were sought his wider system was necessary shortly after this, he became involved the! After this, he would be the most suitable analyse my intervention with a service ’... S in charge of what? ”, “ who is it a! Theory focuses on the most helpful in phase one of the system ) a... Hallucinations and thought disorder ) were actively encouraged, explored and participated in address issues! This, he had been conceived through rape and fostered by distant relatives in Trinidad NG5... Our support articles here > to identify how a system are important understanding. The helping professions: “ when you abscond from the care home, who is most about... How a system are important in understanding how the system works and beliefs into present relationships and,... De/Keyworker/Etc would say is the most helpful in phase one of the earliest references to social is... Explored and participated in social problems explanations of problems served to enrich hypothesis...

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