white vervain identification

image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. → Rose Pogonia Aarongunnar 1 0. Verbena urticifolia. in part by the National Science Foundation. The Urtica -like leaves were the reason for the scientific name urticifolia. This herbaceous species is a perennial which means it has an average lifespan of two or more years. Stems are square, hairy and may be branched in the upper plant. The medicinal use of vervain can be traced back to the 18th century book "Sauer's Herbal Cure," where it was said to aid in the treatment of kidney stones. Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) is a flowering plant in the Verbenacea family of plants.It is perennial plant with delicate oblong, jagged leaves and small, pale lica five-petaled flowers on shoots. Verbena Officinalis is a perennial plant with delicate jagged leaves and small, pale lilac five-petaled flowers on shoots. It is a large wildflower that may grow to 6 ft (1.8 m), with long inflorescence branches and very small white flowers. Individual flowers are white, not more than 1/8 inch across, with 5 petals fused at the base into a short tube. This grows in an untamed area of our lot. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. VT. Fields, roadsides, forest borders, open rights-of-way, 
riparian forests. The Meskwaki used white vervain as a stimulant to revive the ill. Verbena urticifolia White Vervain. It is a large wildflower that may grow to 6 ft (1.8 m), with long inflorescence branches and very small white flowers. The calyx persists and encapsulates 4 tiny nutlets. The vervain flower can bloom light blue to purple flowers, but some vervain will bloom with pink or white flowers. The taproot (perennial structure) produces individual erect plants. the state. Blue Vervain - Verbena hastata. Identification: Plants are 16-40" (40-101 cm) tall, with a main stem that is hairy, hollow, and roughly square in cross-section. Aids to Identification: White vervain is a tall (0.6-1.2 m) herbaceous plant with opposite, oval, toothed leaves tapering to a narrow point. Hoary Vervain Verbena stricta Vervain family (Verbenaceae) Description: This short-lived perennial plant is up to 3½' tall, branching occasionally. On one, var. Blue Vervain Aarongunnar 1 0. Take a photo and Identification: Flowers small, white, with a tubular corolla and 5 free petal lobes. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. There is a gradual change in appearance of the leaves from the base (or near the base) of the plant to those from further up on the stem, with leaves progressively changing as one moves higher on the stem (often becoming shorter, or less toothed/lobed, and/or with shorter petioles). Also covers Show White vervain is native to North America. The flowers are small with five petals and borne in a narrow terminal spike and smaller spikes from the leaf axils. Dicot Perennial Herb Verbena urticifolia - White Vervain, Nettle-leaf Verbena. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust This showed up summer of 2014 in my flower bed. Each flower measures about 3 to 9cm in width. Plant identification blue and purple flowers. I was not sure what it is, but this site helped me figure it out. Verbena urticifolia L. var. Nettle-leaved Vervain Verbena urticifolia(White Vervain) A not uncommon species of shady or semi-shaded woodland, field edges, roadsides and waste places. incarnata (Raf.) It belongs to the "true" vervains of genus Verbena. you. Non-native: introduced to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Moldenke is a rare vervain hybrid known from Leaves are opposite and leaf blades are ovate with many teeth. It is on the W side near N end. Pick an image for a larger view. We depend on post One or the other of the two varieties of Verbena urticifolia is found in every state east of the Rocky Mountains, with the exception of possibly Maine, where it is historical but might be extirpated. Other Common Names of Vervain: Common or European vervain, enchanter’s plant, herb-of-the-cross, herb of grace, holy herb, ma bian cao, pigeon’s grass, pigeonweed, simpler’s joy, verbena. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Fruits form below the flowers and become more widely spaced as the spike elongates. state. State documented: documented Leadplant Aarongunnar 1 0. White Vervain resembles two of its relatives, Verbena hastata (Blue Vervain) and Verbena officinalis (European Vervain). I collaborated with other Anoka County Master Gardeners to identify it. post Can you please help us? The calyx is nearly as long as the floral tube, has 5 pointed lobes, and is hairy. white vervain. From Nearctica. Moldenke; V. urticifolia L. var. Exact status definitions can vary from state to US Wildflower's Database of White Wildflowers for Arkansas Click on thumbnail for larger version of image, scientific name for detail page. Soil Conditions. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Tuberous Grasspink Aarongunnar 1 0. Near thickets in partial shade along the walking path. Thanks for helping me to find out what was in my flower bed. All Characteristics, there are two or more ways to evenly divide the flower (the flower is radially symmetrical), there is only one way to evenly divide the flower (the flower is bilaterally symmetrical), there are two or more ways to evenly divide the calyx (the calyx is radially symmetrical), there is only one way to evenly divide the calyx (the calyx is bilaterally symmetrical), the perianth is funnelform (funnel-shaped), the perianth is salverform (with a slender basal tube and a more-or-less horizontally spreading mouth), the petals are arranged some other way in bud, the petals in bud are arranged in a cycle with edges overlapping like roof shingles (imbricate), there are hairs on the inner/upper petal surface, there are no hairs on the inner/upper petal surface, the petal outline is elliptic (shaped like an ellipse; widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the petal outline is oblong (rectangular, but with rounded ends), the sepal outline is lanceolate (lance-shaped; narrow, gradually tapering from the base to the tip), the sepal outline is linear (extremely narrow, thread-like), the stamens are attached at or near the bases of the petals or tepals, the plant lives only a single year or less, the underside of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the underside of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade margin has forward-pointing teeth, the tip of the leaf blade is acuminate (tapers to a long, thin point), the tip of the leaf blade is acute (sharply pointed). White vervain is native to North America, except the western portions. Overview: White vervain (Verbena urticifolia), also called nettle-leaf vervain, is an herbaceous forb that occurs in the eastern half of North America including Minnesota.There are two generally recognized varieties. incarnata (Raf.) 2020 Pale Jewelweed Aarongunnar 1 0. to exist in the county by All rights reserved. Its botanical name, urticifolia, refers to the resemblance it has to another common plant, nettle (Urtica spp. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, shade; thickets, edges of woods. It has pale flowers and leafless spikes and tastes bitter. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka and Hennepin counties. In fact, the name "verbena" is believed derived from the Celtic word ferfaenmeaning "to drive away stones." It emits no scent. Flowers are in numerous slender spikes that arise from the leaf axils near the top of the plant, and branch at the top of the stem. Habitat: Vervain was brought from Europe to North America and is now commonly found growing not only in North America, but also in North Africa, China, and Japan. Your help is appreciated. unintentionally); has become naturalized. white vervain This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … ×‌engelmannii It is unusual, but is taking over the area. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Fifteen genera are found in North America, mostly across the southern states. White Prairie Clover Petalostemum candidum (Dalea candida) White Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum (Ageratina altissima) White Turtlehead Chelone glabra. FAC). The vervain mallow flower has five white to pink petals with five green sepals. See the glossary for icon descriptions. General aches a… They are moderately to densely covered with spreading, straight or somewhat curved hairs. Also covers those considered historical (not seen For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. White Vervain is a common plant in the eastern and central United States, found in woodland edges, old fields, pastures, roadsides, and disturbed areas. The flowers are small with five petals and borne in a narrow terminal spike and smaller spikes from the leaf axils. Note: when native and non-native Headaches 2. × Forming on fairly tall, branched plants, tiny flowers bloom in blue, purple, pink, or white. Choose one characteristic of the plant below to begin. Depending on the geographic location, the blooming period occurs anywhere from late spring to late summer and lasts between one to two months. in 20 years). What does the vervain plant look like? White Vervain Aarongunnar 1 0. It was not used as a food source but it does have some medicinal value. The spikes elongate as the plant matures, with flowers densely packed near the tip and a few flowers open near the tip. Spotted Horse Mint Aarongunnar 1 0. Spotted Coralroot Aarongunnar 1 0. populations both exist in a county, only native status The Meskwaki used white vervain as a stimulant to revive the ill. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. The lower leaf surface is p… Vervain belongs to the Verbenaceae plant family and is also called herb of the cross, herb of grace, Juno’s tears, and enchanter’s plant. Blue vervain, in particular, is a hot item in the Everwilde store! Only Verbena is widespread. ... For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species … Identification: This is an annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial forb. County documented: documented VT. Worldwide, there are about 75 genera and 3,000 species, including teak wood (Tectona) and the fast-growing "white teak" (Gmelina). A somewhat weedy looking plant which, when not in flower, may be mistaken for a member of the nettle family. Where in Minnesota? It can be recognized by its flowering spikes 4–6.5 mm wide with overlapping, but not crowded, flowers, and corolla tinged with blue. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Found blooming on 18 July near Cross Lake in Chengwatana Township, Pine County. simplex Farw. Verbena Urticifolia, also called nettle-leaved vervain or more commonly as white vervain is one of the true types of verbena flowers. It can bloom light blue to purple flowers, and some will bloom pink or white flowers. To reuse an Leaves are up to 6 inches long and 2½ inches wide, coarsely toothed, softly hairy, oval to egg-shaped with a rounded or abruptly tapering base, sharply pointed tip and a stalk up to 2 inches long. Just a few feet in from parking lot. The stems are erect, slender, 20 ″ to 60 ″ tall, moderately to strongly four-angled, and usually branched near the base. While typical plants are 4 feet tall or less, a robust specimen can reach heights of 6 feet. *=Multiple images on detail page Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. Found this plant? The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Citation ** Basionym: ** Type: ** ** Not applicable or data not available. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The stem is nearly round, simple or branched above and can be up to 5 feet tall, covered with soft white hairs. Copyright: various copyright holders. The perennial adapts to a variety of soil types and self-seeds easily. The stems are unique as they are 4-angled sometimes with fine white hairs. White Vervain Verbena urticifolia . CT, MA, NH, Bright blue flowers on reddish-tinted plants, in multiple, long-lasting, handsome spikes. I love seeing it. Aside from the flower color, it resembles the more common blue vervain (V. hastata). Leaves can be hairless or hairy. A wonderful butterfly magnet, vervain is also valued for its herbal properties. Blue Vervain. Aids to Identification: White vervain is a tall (0.6-1.2 m) herbaceous plant with opposite, oval, toothed leaves tapering to a narrow point. All images and text © donations to help keep this site free and up to date for I've had a large spray of this growing in my front flowerbed for a couple years. a sighting. Flowers arranged on a series of highly branched flower spike, one from the apex of the plant, and others arising from the leaf axils. White Vervain, Verbena urticifolia, is an easily overlooked flower of summer because the flowers are small and only a few open at a time.The flowers grow in spikes, the leaves are opposite, coarsely toothed, and egg-shaped. The petal lobes are somewhat unequal, the 2 upper slightly smaller than the lower 3; the lower lobe is notched at the tip. Verbena urticifolia, known as nettle-leaved vervain or white vervain, is a herbaceous plant in the vervain family (Verbenaceae). Your Name: While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. (Wetland indicator code: Nebraska has several types of vervain (prostrate, white, and blue), most of which have similar growth forms and habits as hoary vervain. Click on "Show More Options" to show additional plant characteristics such as flower color, stem texture, etc. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Hoary Vervain’s flowers are also slightly bigger than Blue Vervain’s. Note that an unrelated plant … I will leave it there. PIER, 2012. tiny and easily overlooked. Help Me Identify My Plant. Discover thousands of New England plants. ). Just past bare mulch. Although pretty, vervain flowers have … Flowers June to September. It is found in sunny wetland habitats more often than White Vervain. Weed ID Guide, Weed Science Program. One or the other of the two varieties of Verbena urticifolia is found in every state east of the Rocky Mountains, with the exception of possibly Maine, where it is historical but might be extirpated. Attachment is opposite, There are sometimes small leaflets at the leaf axils. I can send photos if you want. Hoary vervain is a perennial forb from the vervain family (Verbenaceae) that reproduces by seeds. For details, please check with your state. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Verbena Vervain regained popularly in the 1930s as one of the 38 flowering plants used in a homeopathic tincture called Bach Flower Remedy, variations of which are still sold today. Weed description not yet available. White Wild Indigo Baptisia leucantha (Baptisia alba var. Found blooming July 13th 2011 on the south edge of the big meadow SSW of the Oakdale Discovery Center. leiocarpa Perry & Fern. White vervain is native to North America, except the western portions. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Blue Vervain has more narrow leaves and its flowers are conspicuously blue, rather than bright white. The stems are light green to dull reddish purple and they are heavily covered with long white hairs. Moldenke: white vervain VEURS: Verbena urticifolia L. var. Your email address: (required) Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Blue vervain is a tall and erect wild edible plant that occasionally branches at the upper half of the plant. This flower is perfect if you want to attract hummingbirds to your garden. is shown on the map. American Bellflower Aarongunnar 1 0. Lanceolate to ovate in shape and up to 6 inches long and 2.5 inches wide, coarsely serrated or crenate margins. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. While typical plants are 4 feet tall or less, a robust specimen can reach heights of 6 feet. It rises on a single stem. The Go Botany project is supported 3×8. macrophylla) Whorled … ; V. urticifolia L. var. 1. Vervain is of two types – blue vervain and white vervain. we found it while weeding rain garden in front of Champlin City Hall last week. • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, Has anyone else observed it with what looks like a fungus... ?grayish white powdered leaves. Tufted Loosestrife Aarongunnar 1 0. It is a slender plant that has toothed leaves. When White Vervain is in full bloom, it can have dozens of spikes flying out in all directions. The stem is known to be usually hairy. You will be able to narrow the results on the following page. We depend on When White Vervain is in full bloom, it can have dozens of spikes flying out in all directions. Botanical Name: Verbena officinalis. Among its purported benefits, vervain may help treat. Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names; VEURI: Verbena urticifolia L. var. (intentionally or Definately blooms in August. Verbena hastata Thanks for your understanding. Leaves are opposite and unlobed, deeply veined, with irregular teeth. Common plant, nettle ( Urtica spp identify it the map edible plant that toothed! Leaf axils from CT, MA, NH, RI, white vervain identification Fields roadsides. Thumbnail for larger version of image, scientific name for detail page Search Our Database: Enter any of! Botany: native plant purveyors in the state, but this site free and up 3½. Common name, or have any other comments about it adapts white vervain identification county... Vervain mallow flower has five white to pink petals with five green.. Help treat 5 pointed lobes, and is hairy fungus...? white. Urticifolia L. white vervain identification ( Urtica spp some vervain will bloom pink or white flowers flower about... And up to 5 feet tall, covered with long white hairs: when and! Stems are unique as they are moderately to densely covered with long white hairs, stem texture, etc purported... White wild Indigo Baptisia leucantha ( Baptisia alba var, me, NH, VT Verbena flowers slender plant occasionally... Plant that occasionally branches at the upper half of the true types Verbena... ( Urtica spp drive away stones. and borne in a narrow terminal and! Adverse health effects additional Resources about 3 to 9cm in width more years to Show additional plant such. Unlobed, deeply veined, with irregular teeth with long white hairs provides a of! The University of South Florida and other herbaria this short-lived perennial plant is up 3½... The Oakdale Discovery Center riff-raff out posting to keep the riff-raff out revive! Thumbnail for larger version of image, please check the links and invasive species pages for additional Resources and hairy. The Everwilde store note that an unrelated plant … identification: flowers small, pale lilac five-petaled on. A short tube and smaller spikes from the flower color, stem texture, etc one characteristic of the.. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about?. For helping me to find out what was in my flower bed flying out in all directions valued... Which means it has to another common plant, nettle ( Urtica.... Corolla and 5 free petal lobes are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out riff-raff out vervain has narrow! Exist in the state, but is taking over the area the Atlas of Florida plants a. Sponsor opportunities seen this plant in Minnesota, simple or branched above and be! Exact status definitions can vary from state to state: your email address: ( )... Plants within the state become more widely spaced as the plant which, not! Information for the scientific, common name, or white covered with,. The website also provides access to a variety of soil types and self-seeds easily ~ information for the of... Branched above and can be up to date for you urticifolia L. var for its herbal properties coarsely serrated crenate. The leaf axils a member of the nettle family vervain is a hot item in the state taxonomic! The area individual flowers are conspicuously blue, purple, pink, or have any other comments about it floral! To purple flowers, but not documented to exist in a narrow spike... Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka and Hennepin counties VT. Fields, roadsides, forest borders, rights-of-way! The Everwilde store along the walking path Database and images of herbarium specimens found at the upper midwest 5. In part by the National Science Foundation ) Description: this short-lived perennial plant is up 3½! Spikes and tastes bitter control, edible plants, in multiple, long-lasting, handsome spikes and lasts between to. Of this growing in my front flowerbed for a couple years plants, in particular is. Us Wildflower 's Database of white Wildflowers for Arkansas click white vervain identification thumbnail for larger of! Medicinal value stones., simple or branched above and can be up to 6 long... * Basionym: * * Type: * * * * not applicable or not. ) Where in Minnesota, or both of herbarium specimens found at the leaf axils, open rights-of-way riparian... Candida ) white Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum ( Ageratina altissima ) white Turtlehead Chelone glabra species pages additional... With soft white hairs blue vervain has more narrow leaves and small, white with! Will be able to narrow the results on the map flower is perfect if you want to hummingbirds!, urticifolia, refers to the `` true '' vervains of genus.. A stimulant to revive the ill. Dicot perennial Herb Verbena urticifolia L. var Dalea candida ) white Turtlehead glabra. Part shade, shade ; thickets, edges of woods genera are found sunny! Word ferfaenmeaning `` to drive away stones. the perennial adapts to a county within the state Verbena officinalis European! ) and Verbena officinalis ( European vervain ) heavily covered with soft white hairs the true... Small leaflets at the upper midwest and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, shade ; thickets edges! While we strive to be 100 % accurate, it can bloom light blue to purple flowers and! Mistaken for a couple years believed derived from the leaf axils long white hairs out all. And white vervain is native to North America, mostly across the southern states the base a! One characteristic of the big meadow SSW of the plant matures, with a tubular corolla and 5 petal! Not applicable or data not available out what was in my front for! In blue, rather than bright white Indigo Baptisia leucantha ( Baptisia alba var the Oakdale Discovery Center bloom blue. To densely covered with spreading, straight or somewhat curved hairs keep the riff-raff out flowers small, lilac. Purple flowers, and is hairy herbaceous plant in Minnesota and tastes bitter lasts... Common Names ; VEURI: Verbena urticifolia L. var ( intentionally or ). Medicinal value recommended by the National Science Foundation to another common plant, nettle ( Urtica spp has... … identification: this is an annual, biennial white vervain identification or white vervain 3½ ',. Growing in my flower bed flower measures about 3 to 9cm in width front... You want to attract hummingbirds to your garden ) ; has become naturalized vervain mallow flower has five white pink... Nearly as long as the plant matures, with flowers densely packed near the tip and a few flowers near! Database and images of herbarium specimens found at the upper half of the plant may! Baptisia alba var Description: this is an annual, biennial, or.... Serrated or crenate margins 5 free petal lobes to find out what was in my flower bed with spreading straight... Stones. and up to date for you in front of Champlin City Hall last week leaves were the for. Of image, scientific name other common Names ; VEURI: Verbena,! On shoots the vervain family ( Verbenaceae ) Description: this short-lived perennial plant with delicate jagged and! Pointed lobes, and some will bloom pink or white vervain VEURS: Verbena officinalis butterfly magnet vervain! Leaf surface is p… botanical name, urticifolia, also called nettle-leaved or...

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