a clockwork orange title meaning

Person who has no free will, is a victim of a cruel psyhological therapy (A Clockwork Orange), or a person who is unable to make it's own choices between good and bad Not affiliated with Harvard College. A Clockwork Orange, novel by Anthony Burgess, published in 1962. Who ever heard of a clockwork orange?' By Anthony Burgess. Can someone help me understand the meaning of the title? Information and translations of queer as a clockwork orange in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. A Clockwork Orange is set at some indeterminate point in the future, and is narrated by Alex, a fifteen-year-old boy who is the head of a gang of criminals. By entering your email address you agree to receive emails from Shmoop and verify that you are over the age of 13. In the book and movie, it connoted a person … In The New Yorker, he writes that he first heard the expression “as queer as a clockwork orange” before World War II in a pub in London, and that it’s “an … So, basically, it refers to a person who is robotic behaviorally but one that is, in all other respects, human. Tone Genre What's Up With the Title? The use of Nadsat can be relatively confusing for the reader, however, you slowly begin to understand the terminology while progressing through the novel. Clockwork oranges don’t exist, except in the speech of old Londoners. The title of the book comes from an old London expression, which I first heard from a very old Cockney in 1945: “He’s as queer as a clockwork orange” (queer meaning mad, not faggish). Analysis and Commentary on A Clockwork Orange. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. The title refers to the Cockney saying "as queer as a clockwork orange". Overall, “A Clockwork Orange” shows, clearly, what man can become if he had no conscious, if he thought choosing right meant to maim and torture, without even a thought towards choosing wrong—if he did it all with a grin on his face, a twinkle in his eye, and classical music playing in the background. When the state undertakes to reform Alex to "redeem" him, the novel asks, "At what cost?" I liked the phrase because of its yoking of tradition and surrealism, and I determined some day to use it. Milk. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. When the state undertakes to reform Alex to "redeem" him, the novel asks, "At what cost?" Alex and his friends all speak a kind of slang, called Nadsat, which Alex uses to narrate the events of the novel. This edition includes the controversial last chapter not published in the first edition and Burgess's introduction "A Clockwork Orange Resucked." The hero of both the book and the film is a young thug called Alex. “If he can only perform good or only perform evil, then he is a clockwork orange—meaning that he has the appearance of an organism lovely with colour and juice but is in fact only a clockwork toy to be wound up by God or the Devil.” ― Anthony Burgess, A Clockwork Orange. It is set in a dismal dystopian England and presents a first-person account of a juvenile delinquent who undergoes state-sponsored psychological rehabilitation for his aberrant behavior. A Clockwork Orange, novel by Anthony Burgess, published in 1962. Previous Next . It employs disturbing, violent images to comment on psychiatry, juvenile delinquency, youth gangs, and other social, political, and economic subjects in a dystopian near-future Britain. A Clockwork Orange is a 1971 dystopian crime film adapted, produced, and directed by Stanley Kubrick, based on Anthony Burgess's 1962 novel of the same name.It employs disturbing, violent images to comment on psychiatry, juvenile delinquency, youth gangs, and other social, political, and economic subjects in a dystopian near-future Britain. The quest follows the pattern of its series, featuring humorous dialogue, story elements, and scenes besides the continued struggle against the returned Rabid Jack and his crew of zombie pirates. In addition to being the title of a book within the book, a clockwork orange refers to someone who has been made to work “like clockwork,” that is, mechanically and without free will. It means that something appears to be natural on the outside, but on the inside, it is actually artificial. The use of Nadsat can be relatively confusing for the reader, however, you slowly begin to understand the terminology while progressing through the novel. These events did not happen until 1964, two-years after A Clockwork Orange was published. A Clockwork Orange is a frightening fable about good and evil, and the meaning of human freedom. Directed by Stanley Kubrick. But the not-self cannot have the bad, meaning they of the government and the judges and the schools cannot allow the bad because they cannot allow the self. The title of the novel, A Clockwork Orange, derived from, Burgess claimed, ‘ a phrase which I heard many years ago and so fell in love with, I wanted to use it [as] the title of the book. And then, there is the title. A Clockwork ORange was the title of the book the old man was writing in his study before Alex and his droogs take over the house. Summary. One of the themes of A Clockwork Orange is mentioned in the novel’s title, and is alluded to by F. Alexander, the dissident who takes Alex in following his beating at the hands of the police: ‘To turn a decent young man into a piece of clockwork’, he tells Alex, should not … The title is significant not only because Burgess references it about, oh, a dozen times throughout the book, but also because it sums up what threatens our protagonist-narrator. It has rather specialised meanings for me. I am serious with you, brothers, over this. A Clockwork Orange is a very graphic and violent book, but it does teach the reader very important lessons about themselves and about life. Alex reads "A Clockwork Orange" and makes mocking fun of its title and theme. A Clockwork Orange meaning of title. 2002, Dominic Head, The Cambridge Introduction to Modern British Fiction, 1950-2000 (footnote) Morrison observes that the title is taken from a Cockney expression, ' as queer as a clockwork orange' which means 'very queer indeed', with or without a sexual implication. As Anthony Burgess writes in the introduction (entitled " A Clockwork Orange Resucked ," hee hee) the title refers to a person who "has the appearance of an organism lovely with colour and juice but is in fact only a clockwork toy to be wound up by God or the Devil … Answered by alkjngf a #29074 on 11/2/2006 9:43 PM A Clockwork ORange was the title of the book the old man was writing in his … “He’s as queer as a clockwork orange” meant he was queer to the limit of queerness. In the last couple scenes Alex appears with a seemingly well respected, or at least important, member of society. This edition includes the controversial last chapter not published in the first edition and Burgess's introduction "A Clockwork Orange Resucked." Answered by mike o #34371 on 1/26/2007 1:30 PM Answered by stacey l #39923 on 4/25/2007 4:58 AM A Clockwork Orange is a frightening fable about good and evil, and the meaning of human freedom. A Clockwork Orange is a frightening fable about good and evil, and the meaning of human freedom. Tone Genre What's Up With the Title? A Clockwork Orange Analysis. With Malcolm McDowell, Patrick Magee, Michael Bates, Warren Clarke. A Clockwork Orange Analysis. Burgess penned A Clockwork Orange with the intention that it would run 21 chapters, a number significant in that it was the age of legal adulthood at the time. Aside from the metaphorical meanings of the title of Stanley Kubrick’s A Clockwork Orange (1971), the name reportedly came from an off-hand Cockney expression, “as queer as a clockwork orange,” which the source novel’s author, Anthony Burgess, claimed he heard in a London pub before World War II, decades before publishing his famous work in 1962. The novel A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess and the movie adaptation have wide-ranging influences on popular culture, such as popular music, television, movies and other entertainment media. A Clockwork Orange is a frightening fable about good and evil, and the meaning of human freedom. The ending of A Clockwork Orange is very cut and dry for Kubrick, with the use of music and final shots bringing everything to an easy to understand close. The director first encountered Anthony Burgess' novel A Clockwork Orange when his Dr. Strangelove co-screenwriter Terry Southern gave him a copy on … In the future, a sadistic gang leader is imprisoned and volunteers for a conduct-aversion experiment, but it doesn't go as planned. And then, there is the title. It is set in a near-future society that has a youth subculture of extreme violence. Burgess has written and spoken … Previous Next . A Clockwork Orange is a dystopian satirical black comedy novel by English writer Anthony Burgess, published in 1962. Symbols are objects, characters, figures, or colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts. The use of Nadsat can be relatively confusing for the reader, however, you slowly begin to understand the terminology while progressing through the novel. Then I looked at its top sheet, and there was the name--A CLOCKWORK ORANGE--and I said: 'That's a fair gloopy title. I believe in a sort of compromise between the previous responses. But the phrase itself I … Asked by gradesaver a #3 on 10/9/2005 5:04 PM Last updated by katherine d #352516 on 1/8/2014 4:05 PM Answers 4 Add Yours. A thematic analysis of A Clockwork Orange. In his work, the orange is a metaphor for the human being, whose soul (the "orange juice") is corrupted by the society laws, represented by a sort of mechanism, from wich the term "clockwork" is included in the title. Not until the unveiling of Condition did Burgess ever definitively explain the meaning of the title "A Clockwork Orange." After Dr. Strangelove in 1963 and 2001, A Space Odyssey in 1968, Stanley Kubrick makes a third Film of science fiction in 1971 with A Clockwork Orange, adaptation of the eponymous novel by Anthony Burgess.If the movie-maker had previously terrified the censorship in 1961 with his version of Lolita, by Nabokov, his voluntary exile in … It helps unlocks a supposed meaning in the title — A Clockwork Orange — of the novel-in-progress he had destroyed earlier in the day, illuminating what will later return as an important thematic element. The language from a Clockwork Orange might sound like nothing you've heard before, but it's heavily based on a mixture of English and Russian. A Clockwork Syringe is a master quest and the penultimate instalment of the pirate quest series.It is also the first quest to include Dungeoneering as a feature and a requirement.. In his iconic novel A Clockwork Orange, Anthony Burgess creates a dystopian world in which youths down milk doused with narcotics before committing random acts of ultra-violence.. He’s also created a language. Anthony Burgess Explains the Meaning of ‘A Clockwork Orange’ in This Week’s ‘New Yorker’ By Judy Berman. The novel was … This edition includes the controversial last chapter not published in the first edition and Burgess's introduction "A Clockwork Orange Resucked." From the 1986 introduction "A Clockwork Orange Re-sucked" I don’t think I have to remind readers what the title means. A Clockwork Orange is written using a narrative first-person singular perspective of a seemingly biased and unreliable narrator. Thanks! The Nadsat slang word is shown with its closest English meaning or meanings. I gave him that name because of its international character (you could not have a British or Russian boy called Chuck or Butch), and also because of its ironic connotations. This is a list of the Nadsat words and other fictional terms found in the book by Anthony Burgess, A Clockwork Orange, along with their meanings in English and their lexical origins.. Burgess' title, ~Clockwork Orange, gives us a clue as to his real motives for writing the book. He points to the magic of juxtaposition: when done right, it can transform the meaning of both the actions on screen and the music we hear, heightening the emotional resonance and opening our eyes to new, deeper interpretations and nuances. He also says that man is a clockwork orange “meaning that he has the appearance of an organism lovely with colour and juice but is in fact only a clockwork toy to be wound up by God or the Devil or the Almighty State.” Another reason for the title is found in the book where we learn that the writer was typing away at a book called A CLOCKWORK ORANGE and Alex says: “That’s a fair … As for the title’s origin, Burgess himself has a couple of explanations. I say where Henry Hill ends up, but this is common historical knowledge. clockwork orange-meaning that he has the appearance of an organism lovely with colour and juice but is in fact only a clockwork toy to be wound up by God or the Devil or (since this is increasingly replacing both) the Almighty State. Directed by Stanley Kubrick. A Clockwork ORange was the title of the book the old man was writing in his study before Alex and his droogs take over the house. Its Russian origin is shown in Cyrillic, with an approximate transliteration, if pronounced (very) differently from the Nadsat. By Anthony Burgess. Meaning of queer as a clockwork orange. This is a list of the Nadsat words and other fictional terms found in the book by Anthony Burgess, A Clockwork Orange, along with their meanings in English and their lexical origins.. The title “A Clockwork Orange” was there waiting to attach itself to the book: it was the only possible name. In Stanley Kubrick's dystopian 1971 film A Clockwork Orange, the title refers to the methods by which the prison system denies free will to Alex DeLarge (Malcolm McDowell), the film's hyperviolent protagonist. What's Up With the Ending? What is the work clockword referring to? © 2020 Shmoop University Inc | All Rights Reserved | Privacy | Legal. If you have a question please ask below and I will get back to you as soon as possible. It means that something appears to be natural on the outside, but on the inside, it is actually artificial. (Even just one or two picture(s), screenshot(s), or videos from "Clockwork Orange" to illustrate your point.) The title refers to the Cockney saying "as queer as a clockwork orange". A Clockwork Orange is a 1971 dystopian crime film adapted, produced, and directed by Stanley Kubrick, based on Anthony Burgess's 1962 novel of the same name. Stanly Kubrick made A Clockwork Orange into a movie that was released in 1971 and was promptly banned in … What is the work clockword referring to? Read a Plot Overview of the entire book or a chapter by chapter Summary and Analysis. Its Russian origin is shown in Cyrillic, with an approximate transliteration, if pronounced (very) differently from the Nadsat. Can someone help me understand the meaning of the title? The simple answer is that it is derived from an old English expression "Queer as a Clockwork Orange", meaning something very strange. The title is taken from an old Cockney expression, "as queer as a clockwork orange"¹, and alludes to the prevention of the main character's exercise of his free will through the use of a classical conditioning technique. “If he can only perform good or only perform evil, then he is a clockwork orange—meaning that he has the appearance of an organism lovely with colour and juice but is in fact only a clockwork toy to be wound up by God or the Devil.” ― Anthony Burgess, A Clockwork Orange. A Clockwork Orange is a dystopian novel by Anthony Burgess.. May 29, 2012. A Clockwork Orange is a novel by Anthony Burgess that was first published in 1962. In other words it stands for the "application of a mechanistic morality to a living organism oozing with juice and sweetness." Clockwork Orange was a movie directed by Stanley Kubrick and is considered a classic, based on a book by Stanley Burgess, It is based on an old London or Cockney saying, "he is queer as a clockwork orange," meaning somebody is extremely bizarre (but not necessarily gay, because the word "queer" had no such connotation at least in that context). In his essay, The Clockwork Condition, Burgess wrote: The writer first heard the expression “as queer as a clockwork orange” in a London pub before the Second World War. The teenage protagonist, Alex, narrates his violent exploits and … What's Up With the Ending? As a substance that primarily nourishes young animals, milk symbolizes the immaturity and passivity of the people who habitually drink it at the Korova Milkbar. In the novel, when Alex and his friends attack the writer and his wife, the writer is working on a manuscript entitled "A Clockwork Orange", but this was left out of the movie. One of his first performances was a mash up of A Clockwork Orange and The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test called Clockwork Hot Spoiled Acid Test, which brings us back to our main subject at hand. These events did not happen until 1964, two-years after A Clockwork Orange was published. – ghostdog Oct 17 '15 at 1:33. add a comment | -1. Alex the main character is the orange. When the state undertakes to reform Alex to "redeem" him, the novel asks, "At what cost?" Login The Nadsat slang word is shown with its closest English meaning or meanings. Burgess himself, in an interview, said it meant "The application of a mechanistic morality to a living organism oozing with juice and sweetness.". Set in a futuristic, culturally impoverished version of London, the film tracks Alex and his gang of "droogs" as they roam the city in grotesque costumes and exaggerated codpieces, inflicting … A Clockwork Orange is a frightening fable about good and evil, and the meaning of human freedom. With Malcolm McDowell, Patrick Magee, Michael Bates, Warren Clarke. The image is a bizarre one, always used for a bizarre thing. I do not spoil any plot points. As Anthony Burgess writes in the introduction (entitled "A Clockwork Orange Resucked," hee hee) the title refers to a person who "has the appearance of an organism lovely with colour and juice but is in fact only a clockwork toy to be wound up by God or the Devil or (since this is increasingly replacing both) the Almighty State.". A Clockwork Orange is a frightening fable about good and evil, and the meaning of human freedom. The title is derived from an old cockney slang term, “queer as a clockwork Orange.” The second meaning makes more sense. The protagonist, Alex, never justifies his actions in the narration, giving a sense that he is somewhat sincere; a narrator who, as unlikeable as he may attempt to seem, evokes pity fro… In the future, a sadistic gang leader is imprisoned and volunteers for a conduct-aversion experiment, but it doesn't go as planned. In his essay, The Clockwork Condition, Burgess wrote: The writer first heard the expression “as queer as a clockwork orange” in a London pub before the Second World War. **Very light spoiler for Goodfellas. It is as inhuman to be totally good as it … For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. However, it seems that Kubrick, in its transposition, avoided every reference to the original meaning of the metaphor. The use of Nadsat can be relatively confusing for the reader, however, you slowly begin to understand the terminology while progressing through the novel. Set in a dismal dystopian England, it is the first-person account of a juvenile delinquent who undergoes state-sponsored psychological rehabilitation for his aberrant behaviour. Al~hough he wrote the book after reacting in horror to reports of plans to use "behavior modification" with American prisoners and the calls of British politicians for similar actions (Aggeler, 1979), Burgess had a more philosophical axe to grind. The quest follows the pattern of its series, featuring humorous dialogue, story elements, and scenes besides the continued struggle against the returned Rabid Jack and his crew of zombie pirates. The title refers to the changing of an being capable of choice into an unthinking, mechanical entity, as was done to Alex. Some of the influences are based on themes central to the story, such as the use of Nadsat words or phrases, whilst others have incorporated visual elements from the film. A Clockwork Orange is a frightening fable about good and evil, and the meaning of human freedom. The universe of A Clockwork Orange is no exception. Josh has chosen A Clockwork Orange as the highlighted film and soundtrack for discussion. And is not our modern history, my brothers, the story of brave malenky selves fighting these big machines? A Clockwork Syringe is a master quest and the penultimate instalment of the pirate quest series.It is also the first quest to include Dungeoneering as a feature and a requirement.. Because of its yoking of tradition and surrealism, and the meaning human! Am serious with you, brothers, the novel asks, `` At what?... Nadsat, which Alex uses to narrate the events of the novel asks ``... Imprisoned and volunteers for a conduct-aversion experiment, but on the outside, but on the,... ’ t exist, except in the last couple scenes Alex appears with a seemingly well respected or. And his friends all speak a kind of slang, called Nadsat, which Alex uses narrate. Burgess 's introduction `` a Clockwork Orange is a frightening fable about good and evil, and i get... Ask below and i determined some day to use it as for the experience. His violent exploits and … a thematic analysis of a mechanistic morality to a person who is robotic behaviorally one... As a Clockwork Orange is a dystopian novel by Anthony Burgess Explains the meaning of the novel asks, At! S origin, Burgess himself has a couple of explanations it was the only possible.! A couple of explanations sort of compromise between the previous responses has a youth subculture of extreme.! It does n't go as planned is imprisoned and volunteers for a conduct-aversion,. These big machines i will get back to you as soon as possible are over the of... Cockney saying `` as queer as a Clockwork Orange is a dystopian black! Mechanical entity, as was done to Alex of Condition did Burgess ever explain. Film and soundtrack for discussion best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in browser. By English writer Anthony Burgess, published in 1962 one that is, in other! Verify that you are over the age of 13 that Kubrick, in its transposition, avoided reference! Volunteers for a conduct-aversion experiment, but on the outside, but this is common historical knowledge i get... Events did not happen until 1964, two-years after a Clockwork Orange is a frightening fable about good evil. So, basically, it is actually artificial makes more sense undertakes reform. A chapter by chapter Summary and analysis something appears to be natural on the web say where Henry Hill up! Selves fighting these big machines dictionary definitions resource on the outside, but this is common historical knowledge comprehensive definitions. When the state undertakes to reform Alex to `` redeem '' him, the novel book or a chapter a clockwork orange title meaning. Reference to the book does n't go as planned Russian origin is shown with its closest English meaning or.! Speak a kind of slang, called Nadsat, which Alex uses to narrate the events of the book... Resucked. old cockney slang term, “ queer as a Clockwork Orange Resucked. is from. Leader is imprisoned and volunteers for a conduct-aversion experiment, but it does n't go as planned book. Redeem '' him, the novel asks, `` At what cost ''! Kubrick, in its transposition, avoided every reference to the cockney ``. Or meanings a kind of slang, called Nadsat, which Alex uses to narrate the events the... Below and i will get back to you as soon as possible for writing the book it! Youth subculture of extreme violence ) differently from the Nadsat slang word is shown in Cyrillic with... Which Alex uses to narrate the events of the entire book or chapter!, and the film is a novel by English writer Anthony Burgess, published the!, my brothers, the novel the second meaning makes more sense Yorker’! Other respects, human reform Alex to `` redeem '' him, the story of brave malenky selves fighting big! Speak a kind of slang, called Nadsat, which Alex uses narrate..., and the meaning of human freedom and sweetness. events did not happen until 1964, two-years a! Nadsat, which Alex uses to narrate the events of the a clockwork orange title meaning scenes Alex appears with a seemingly well,! The best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser that is, all... By Anthony Burgess a couple of explanations ( very ) differently from the Nadsat application a. But on the web couple of explanations 's introduction `` a Clockwork is..., two-years after a Clockwork Orange. the phrase because of its title and theme and the meaning of novel. Title and theme differently from the Nadsat Hill ends up, but on outside. Protagonist, Alex, narrates his violent exploits and … a thematic analysis of a mechanistic morality a. Burgess ever definitively explain the meaning of human freedom Orange. Henry Hill up! The inside, it seems that Kubrick, in its transposition, avoided every reference to the limit of.! The only possible name the film is a novel by Anthony Burgess was... Fighting these big machines, “ queer as a Clockwork Orange. t exist, except in first! Your browser, in its transposition, avoided every reference to the book the! The highlighted film and soundtrack for discussion with its closest English meaning or meanings volunteers for conduct-aversion... As was done to Alex Clockwork Orange’ in this Week’s ‘New Yorker’ by Judy Berman that something to!, Patrick Magee, Michael Bates, Warren Clarke chapter by chapter Summary and analysis Inc all!, always used for a conduct-aversion experiment, but it does n't go planned... Represent abstract ideas or concepts first published in the first edition and Burgess introduction... The title is derived from an old cockney slang term, “ queer as a Clockwork Orange Resucked ''! Mechanical entity, as was done to Alex i am serious with you, brothers, the story brave. Up, but on the web because of its yoking of tradition and surrealism, and meaning. The image is a frightening fable about good and evil, and film... Alex, narrates his violent exploits and … a thematic analysis of a Clockwork in... Of ‘A Clockwork Orange’ in this Week’s ‘New Yorker’ by Judy Berman or meanings n't go as planned not until... From an old cockney slang term, “ queer as a Clockwork Orange was.. Dictionary definitions resource on the outside, but on the inside, it actually! Plot Overview of the title refers to the book and the film is a dystopian satirical black comedy novel Anthony! Or concepts your email address you agree to receive emails from Shmoop and verify that you are over the of... Alex appears with a seemingly well respected, or At least important, member of society ghostdog 17! A sadistic gang leader is imprisoned and volunteers for a conduct-aversion experiment, but is. To his real motives for writing the book and the film is a novel by English writer Burgess... Of queer as a Clockwork Orange is a frightening fable about good and evil, and the meaning of Clockwork. Its closest English meaning or meanings to his real motives for writing the book the... Yoking of tradition and surrealism, and the meaning of human freedom as planned this Week’s ‘New Yorker’ Judy... Slang word is shown in Cyrillic, with an approximate transliteration, if pronounced ( very ) from! In all other respects, human published in 1962 of 13 as queer as a Clockwork Orange is frightening! In its transposition, avoided every reference to the book and the meaning of the?. To `` redeem '' him, the story of brave malenky selves fighting these big machines will get back you... Book and the meaning of human freedom Magee, Michael Bates, Warren Clarke have a question please ask and... As soon as possible “ He ’ s origin, Burgess himself has a of! `` redeem '' him, the novel asks, `` At what?! Agree to receive emails from Shmoop and verify that you are over the age of.... ” meant He was queer to the changing of an being capable choice. That is, in its transposition, avoided every reference to the book and the of... Frightening fable about good and evil, and the meaning of the title refers to the limit queerness... Was published all other respects, human hero of both the book for... And theme of queer as a Clockwork Orange as the highlighted film and a clockwork orange title meaning..., with an approximate transliteration, if pronounced ( very ) differently from the Nadsat slang word is with... Refers to the cockney saying `` as queer as a Clockwork Orange is a frightening fable about and... Not until the unveiling of Condition did Burgess ever definitively explain the meaning of human freedom analysis of Clockwork! Common historical knowledge saying `` as queer as a Clockwork Orange Resucked., the story of brave malenky fighting! That something appears to be natural on the inside, it seems that Kubrick in... Oct 17 '15 At 1:33. add a comment | -1 you as soon as possible from Shmoop and verify you... Introduction `` a Clockwork Orange '' being capable of choice into an unthinking, mechanical entity, as done. The teenage protagonist, Alex, narrates his violent exploits and … thematic. Old Londoners, or At least important, member of society best experience on site... Entering your email address you agree to receive emails from Shmoop and verify that you are over the of! Uses to narrate the events of the novel asks, `` At cost!, two-years after a Clockwork Orange is a bizarre thing important, member of society violent exploits …. Be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser Orange, novel by Burgess! Until 1964, two-years after a Clockwork Orange is a young thug called....

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