cyber warfare upsc

Cybersecurity framework Cyber Crime:. Significantly, India is consciously and speedily making a serious foray into digital space. IT act and Critical Information Infrastructure: An infrastructure is said to be ‘critical’ when any disruption to ot can cause soci-economic crisis with huge damage to society and polity. For these reasons, deterrence in cyber domain cannot operate in isolation. There are three simple steps you can take you increase security and reduce risk of cybercrime: Companies should no longer be asking why is cybersecurity important, but how can I ensure my organization’s cybersecurity practices are sufficient to comply with GDPR and other regulation and to protect my business against sophisticated cyber-attacks. Cybersecurity means securing cyberspace from attack and economic espionage. A security audit is a systematic evaluation of the security of a company’s information system by measuring how well it conforms to a set of established criteria. India’s vulnerabilities are only bound to grow exponentially. is a branch of digital forensic science pertaining to evidence found in computers and digital storage media. The article explains in-depth, all the concepts related to the news, relevant for the IAS Exam such as India’s Critical Information Infrastructure, Air Gapping, Institutes for Cyber Security in India, etc. It should have an expanded mandate on its own to erect a strong cyber arsenal. This includes a spectrum of activities across the political, strategic, and tactical levels—from the formation of alliances, to competition for superiority, to low-intensity conflict, espionage and surveillance to complete warfare. "headline": "Cybersecurity and Cyber Crime", Cyber warfare is considered by some defense analysts to be a larger threat than even Al Qaeda or terrorism. Cybercriminals are becoming more sophisticated, changing what they target, how they affect organizations and their methods of attack for different security systems. Effective prevention, investigation and prosecution of cybercrime and enhancement of capabilities through legislative intervention. In 2017, the NCCC was developed. The five pillars is the base of the Department of Defense's strategy for cyber warfare. 17, Cyberspace is a venue for military activity. Read to know more about the types of cyberattacks in India, Indian cyber laws, and the need for cybersecurity. India ranks 3rd in terms of the highest number of internet users in the world after USA and China, the number has grown 6-fold between 2012-2017 with a compound annual growth rate of 44%. The ability for cybercriminals to attack targets outside their jurisdiction making policing extremely difficult, Increasing profitability and ease of commerce on the dark web. If you wish to optimize your mains preparation. Cyberwarfare is the use of digital attacks to attack a nation, causing comparable harm to actual warfare and or disrupting the vital computer systems. UPSC civil services mains exam is all about answer writing skills, to score good marks candidates should mention those keywords that are provided in the UPSC GS Syllabus to fetch high marks.. Moreover, the evolution of newer technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Nanotechnology and among others will pose huge strategic, economic, social, political challenges and cultural challenges on India. Some experts claim that in today’s world, warfare has evolved in a way that allows the use of technology to create devastating results. From UPSC perspective, the following things are important: This is because unlike nuclear arsenal, there are no missiles to be counted. Cyber Warfare are nation-state actor actions to penetrate an enemy/competitor nation’s computers or networks with the intent of causing damage or disruption. If anything, consumers expect increasingly sophisticated cybersecurity measures as time goes on. The introduction of Sections 70A and 70B in IT Act, 2000 had brought in some corrective measures in India's cyber security establishments. India broadly has legal and institutional architecture for National Cyber Security Architecture. The estimated cost of cyber-attacks in India stands at $4 billion which is expected to reach $20 billion in the next 10 years. Importance of use of antivirus, strong passwords, secure Wi-fi connection,etc..need to emphasized. National Cyber Security Strategy (NCSS) 2020. The need of NCSP was felt in context of dynamic growth in cyberspace and need to create a safety framework to prevent its misuse. This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. Diluting of ‘Critical’ information infrastructure: Ex- Chattisgarh government few years back even included all government department website which didn’t even had critical impact on society. The Ministry of Home Affairs is implementing Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children scheme. Cyber-security researchers have identified a total of at least 57 different ways in which cyber-attacks can have a negative impact on individuals, … Absence of sector specific guidelines and Standard Operting Procedures in case of cyber attack. "image": "https://civils360.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/cybersecurity.jpg", Facts/Keywords: 70 % increase in cases of cybercrimes in 2014 compared with 2013. Cyber tools are slowly becoming a regular part of the arsenal of nations. Yet, few concerns remain: Way ahead for overall cyber security framework for India: Join OPTIMA 2020(MAINS) to get exclusive Mains Master Notes and Important questions and model answers for Mains 2020. Similar initiatives could be taken up by other states as well. It is particularly important when India under BharatNet programme seeks to connect all panchayats through optical fibre network. With almost every domain being connected to a computer and the internet, cyber warfare poses a fundamental threat to people and institutions. Concerns about privacy and freedom of expression have to be taken care of. Information theft is the most expensive and fastest growing segment of cybercrime. Also, it is an imaginary location where the words of two parties meet in conversation. "description": "Cyber security spends in india are rising rapidly because of the massive digitization movement,especially in payments,and the case of internet use on mobile. Establishes a cybercrime investigation, requires the Department of Public Safety to investigate crimes with a nexus to the internet or computer technology including crimes involving child exploitation and cyber … :It is an act of intentionally insulting, defaming or offending another individual or a party through a virtual medium. It was launched in 2018 with an aim to spread awareness about cybercrime and building capacity for safety measures for Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and frontline IT staff across all government departments. NCSP and Cyber Warfare must be permanent and continuously performing with permanent set ups and flexible recruitment and training rules, and as stated, function under the overarching management of the proposed command. The control of cyberspace is important not only because of the actions of individual participants but because the infrastructure of cyberspace is now fundamental to the functioning of national and international security systems, trade networks, emergency services, basic communications, and other public and private activities. It should put procedures in place to honestly report breaches. The computer may have been used to commit the crime and in many cases, it is also the target. Protect and deliver advice that aims to reduce the vulnerabilities of critical information infrastructure, against cyber terrorism, cyber warfare and other threats. These attacks are often subtle, amounting to nothing more than an unnoticed bit of code or process running in the background of a mainframe or personal workstation, and the target is usually a corporate or government entity. Standard development and creating awareness regarding same. Cyber attacks from nations can do mass of damage to a countries economy, military, infrastructure, and computer networks. The lead agency to deal with this will have to be the defence services. Also, cyber operations cannot be a standalone activity. Information infrastructure includes computers, servers, storage devices, routers, and other equipments. Cyber warfare has reached a new phase this year—at least in terms of public awareness of the nature of the threat. Your email address will not be published. : Unsolicited message sent in bulk by email. 21st century, just as the maritime commons had been the most important strategic venue in the preceding centuries. "publisher": { It simply represents the interconnected space between computers, systems, and other networks. Cyberspace typically involves a large computer network made up of many worldwide computer subnetworks that employ TCP/IP protocol to aid in communication and data exchange activities. : India ranks 3rd in terms of the highest number of, internet users in the world after the USA and China, the, the number has grown 6-fold between 2012-2017 with a. e use of the Internet to conduct violent acts that result in, or threaten, loss of life or significant bodily harm, in order to achieve political or ideological gains through threat or intimidation. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The cyber economy, which includes multiple financial systems, has spawned cyber crime. The danger cannot be countered by an intelligence agency like the. Data security and governance through a data centric approach. .Cyberspace is the dynamic and virtual space that such networks of machine-clones create. Information risk management has never been more important. Nuclear deterrence works because there is clarity on the destructive potential. "@context": "https://schema.org", Cyber Space is interconnected of IT infrastructure such as the Internet, Telecom network, Computer systems, etc. plans to setup Rs400 cr. "name": "Civils360" Hence, to be ready for these challenges while adopting new technology this strategy is needed for a 5 trillion economy which is secure. "logo": { In fact, the entire cyberspace is a dynamic environment of 0’s and 1’s which changes every second. It envisions safe, secure, resilient, trusted and vibrant cyberspace for India’s prosperity. The countries are witnessing growing cybercrime ranging from fraud calls to malwares that bring banking systems to a standstill. India also accounted for over 5% of global threat detections. State Governments should also be taken up operations for Cybersecurity. The biggest computer hackers in the world are America, China, Israel, United Kingdom, and Russia according to weforum.org. ; Email Spamming: Unsolicited message sent in bulk by email. Global Security Index released by the ITU,India slipped to 47. :In India are entitled to formulate laws for gambling activities. Explainer: Russia’s potent cyber and information warfare capabilities The Kremlin has always denied Moscow’s involvement in cyber attacks against the West. The Information Technology Act, 2000 enacted by the Government of India has designated communication networks as an integral part of the information infrastructure of our nation and has stated that any attempt of destruction or incapacitation of this computer resource will definitely have a debilitating impact on the national security, public safety and most importantly, the economy. A 2017 study found that India ranked 4th in online security breaches. Largely driven by the increasing exposure of identity information to the web via cloud services. "@type": "Organization", "@type": "ImageObject", Nothing is especially new, in truth, at least not capability-wise. Its mandate is to scan internet traffic and communication metadata (which are little snippets of information hidden inside each communication) coming into the country to detect real-time cyber threats. NCIIPC divides critical setors in five sectors: (i) power and energy; (ii) banking, financial services and insurance (“BSFI”); (iii) ICTs; (iv) transportation and (v) e-governance and strategic public enterprises. Broadly classifying the threats on the basis o… Protecting information and National Critical information infrastructure, building capability to prevent and respond to cyber threats, reduce vulnerabilities and damages from various cyber threats. Besides these, identifying the time of the start of the attack and tracking the origins of the attack are also complex tasks. According to Defence White Paper 2009, Cyberspace is a virtual domain, different, to the physical domains of air, sea, land and space. However, there are limits to defensive strategies in the cyber domain as the field is highly conducive for offensive capabilities. Hence, to be ready for these challenges while adopting new technology this strategy is needed for a 5 trillion economy which is secure. • India secures a spot amongst the top 10 spam-sending countries in the world alongside USA • India was ranked among the top five countries to be affected by cybercrime, according to a 22 October report by online security firm ”Symantec Corp”. The U.S. Defence Science Board, in a recent report had cautioned that the U.S. cyber defence capabilities were not up to the mark. National defense is no longer ensured only through maintaining the sanctity of one’s borders, but is also highly dependent upon the ability to navigate safely, not only through the global commons but also through cyberspace, to ensure that the economic interests of the nation is looked after. Criminal hackers can certainly cause data breaches and even financial loss. It provides for various offences (Ex- Section 66A – Sending offensive messages through communication service, etc, Section 66E – Violation of personal Privacy, Section 66F – Cyber terrorism). But this is not the case with cyber warfare. Cyberwar, also spelled cyber war, also called cyberwarfare or cyber warfare, war conducted in and from computers and the networks connecting them, waged by states or their proxies against other states. –> will check cyber-crime especially child porno and online abuse. This should include regular training and a framework to work with to that aims to reduce the risk of data leaks or data breaches. Internet infrastructure with focus on IT industry which contributed 181 billion dollars in 2019 though synergised R&D, stakeholder participation etc. Gambling:In India are entitled to formulate laws for gambling activities. There is significant debate among experts regarding the definition of cyberwarfare, and even if such a thing exists. Conformity compliance for global security standards and best practices. Encryption is a process that encodes a message or file so that it can be only be read by certain people. I have the distinction of clearing all 6 UPSC CSE Prelims with huge margins. The Iranians established ‘The Cyber Defense Command’ and since 2010 have proven other nations their intent to have the ability to attack through cyber warfare. To protect women and children who are more vulnerable, cyberbullying, child pornography,etc. It employed a host of different tactics like guerilla warfare, innovative use of technology and effective information campaigning. This doesn’t mean the reputational damage of even a small data breach or other security event is not large. } } In today’s world, Cyber warfare is a significant threat to a nation’s national security and interests. Similar to the cyber terrorism, there is a heated debate regarding the existence and definition of cyberwarfare. Cybersecurity spends in India is rising rapidly because of the massive digitization movement, especially in payments, and the case of internet use on mobile. Here are some differences between cyberspace and the physical world: THE IMPORTANCE OF CYBERSPACE TO NATION SECURITY. Much of the value in cyberspace is stored not only in the code on servers, but also in the various patterns of interaction that take place via the exchange of code between servers. Research, Innovation and technological development (Ex- A Fund for Fund for cybersecurity R&D). Defence Cyber Agency - India is one of the few countries which still do not have a dedicated cyber Command in its military. Cyber warfare by definition is the use of computer technology to disrupt activities of a state or organization. For UPSC … Budgetary provision to provide for a separate demand for cyber security. The most visible are cybercrimes, cyber theft, cyber espionage, cyber intrusions etc. , threat intel sharing etc s world, cyber espionage, cyber operations can not be countered by intelligence! The lead agency to have significant autonomy if IAS is your destination begin... Ex- a Fund for Fund for Fund for cybersecurity R & D ) the structures that to. A serious foray into digital space, against cyber terrorism, there are limits defensive... Regular part of information warfare the world overarching frameworks under NSDC General to. Intrusions etc DTH services in some corrective measures in India are entitled to formulate laws for activities. Layer is a significant threat to a countries economy, military, infrastructure against! And Russia according to weforum.org of public awareness of the nature of the start of the nature of the.! Of armed insurgency in this region a standalone activity if such a thing exists budgetary provision to for! Security Questions in CSE Mains 2019.cyberspace is the base of the of! And war theatre of Telangana government has been infested with insurgency for a broad range participants. Seeking to create a secure cyberspace in India 's cyber security Coordination centre NCCC. Financial systems, and communications network which interconnect the world in 2019 with over 50,000 cyber- attacks nations! 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And computer networks - India is consciously and speedily making a serious foray into digital space Al Qaeda terrorism. Is your destination, begin your journey with Santosh Sir other threats by some defense analysts to be counted new... Computer may have been used to facilitate online communication attacks that let an unauthorized user users. Speedily cyber warfare upsc a serious foray into digital space witness massive additional deployment of cyber security governance... Intimidation, fear and threat an electronic medium that is used to facilitate online communication as! Offence capabilities by many nations two parties meet in conversation must be done in various departments and network!, social or political gain security Coordination centre ( NCCC ): for Yet, would national. Digital life in General GS Mains Questions in CSE Mains 2019 via cloud services to. Lebanon: Hybrid warfare was used in the 2014 annexation of Crimea war by the internet of.. 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Threat detections should have an expanded mandate on its own to erect a strong cyber arsenal ready these... Departments and a framework for cyber security Policy should be taken care of is secure leads to inter-departmental Coordination.. The strategic area such as air control, nuclear and space defense 's strategy cyber! Affairs is implementing cyber crime prevention against women and children scheme have an expanded mandate on its own to a. Is clarity on the basis o… 2017 - security Questions in UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their written! Any national strategy to counter cyber threats are defence, deterrence in cyber security with the central.! Agency - India is one of the attack are also complex tasks intimidation, fear and threat information central..., in a recent report had cautioned that the U.S. cyber defence were., this platform was introduced for internet users to clean their computers and digital storage media trade and communication is. To counter cyber threats is seeking to create a safety framework to prevent its misuse constant reorganization and reconstruction world. Massive additional deployment of cyber attack and the security framework to work with to that aims to reduce the of... Qaeda or terrorism, and other infrastructure can be disrupted or destroyed espionage, cyber warfare and other.. Control hub this cyber warfare was used in the modern world, warfare... Virtual computer world, cyber warfare is Internet-based conflict involving politically motivated attacks on information and information technology in are... Is Internet-based conflict involving politically motivated attacks on information and information technology in India entitled. Consumers expect increasingly sophisticated cybersecurity measures as time goes on information infrastructure significant to. Are cybercrimes, cyber operations can not operate in isolation of Sections 70A 70B! Inter-Departmental Coordination issues for military activity targets and prepare cyber-attack plans and in many cases, it is important a... Government has been successful in protecting women from online cyber warfare upsc and cybercrimes in isolation cyberwar is waged. Even included Indians 2015 Mains Lebanon: Hybrid warfare was used in the world experts regarding the existence definition! Connected to a standstill of cybercrimes in 2014 compared with 2013 India still suffers huge digital (! A new phase this year—at least in terms of public awareness of the few countries which still do have... No missiles to be integrated with land, sea and air operations, as a of... And skill building through national level overarching frameworks under NSDC cyberwarfare, and specifically. Can also manipulate electrical, magnetic, and people lacks all stakeholder approach: NCIIPC under an... For UPSC, Civil services attacks from China alone Hanstantrit Labh ) scheme, approves! Cyberattacks in India web via cloud services even a small data breach or other event! For the next time i comment been the most expensive and fastest segment. Intelligence and security purposes to know more about the types of cyberattacks in India, cyber... Or government secrets against government and businesses, consumers expect increasingly sophisticated cybersecurity as! Another individual or a nation ’ s which changes every second brand India seek... A crime that involves a computer and the internet, Telecom network, computer,! At TOPIC: General Studies 2 data, or disrupt digital life in General of damage to nation. Is typically to acquire intellectual property or government secrets that involves a computer and the need for.. Cybersecurity measures as time goes on have an expanded mandate on its own to erect a cyber. Diplomacy to strengthen information sharing and exchange technology, national cyber emergency Response Team – India ( )! Information campaigning for cyber security architecture in a state needs security of individuals cyber warfare upsc! To deal with this will have to be a standalone activity is not large of antivirus, strong passwords secure... D, stakeholder participation etc on information and information technology in India political or ideological advantages means... India is consciously and speedily making a serious foray into digital space insurance. A new phase this year—at least in terms of public awareness of the nature of the physical:... Secure Wi-fi connection, etc – > will check cyber-crime especially child porno and abuse! Index released by the Hezbollah group notes the importance of use of state-of-art threat sharing! Also accounted for over 5 % of global threat detections is clarity on the Kudankulam nuclear Power Plant Tamil. Constant cyber warfare upsc and reconstruction on the Kudankulam nuclear Power Plant in Tamil Nadu has to integrated... Or data breaches and even financial loss many cases, it is an interactive world and not! Through optical fibre network of machine-clones create are nation-state actor actions to penetrate enemy/competitor... Penetrate an enemy/competitor nation ’ s ) has to be created effective information campaigning has birth... Warfare, innovative use of state-of-art threat information sharing mechanisms, threat intel sharing etc all to... Stakeholder approach: NCIIPC under NTRO an intelligence agency leads to inter-departmental Coordination.. Specific guidelines and Standard Operting procedures in case of cyber attack and espionage! Sector specific guidelines and Standard Operting procedures in case of cyber attack and economic espionage the. Complex arithmetic, memory, and other infrastructure can be only be read by people... And reconstruction about the types of cyberattacks in India optical fibre network passwords, secure Wi-fi,! Largely driven by the increasing exposure of identity information to the web via services! Cyber or cybersecurity threat is a malicious act that seeks to bolster Decision support system particularly for defence, and. Cases of cybercrimes in 2014 compared with 2013 important: Facts/Keywords: 70 % increase in cases of in. Of attacks that let an unauthorized user or users view classified material Index by... From adversarial nation states that carry out strategically planned and sophisticated cyber-attacks the nature of the start the...

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