Small islands such as Vanuatu in the Pacific are feeling the effects of climate change: Rising sea levels and extreme weather events threaten their very existence. On the whole, material damages were relatively light, with a few fallen trees, a few roofs blown out, and only 26 people in need of emergency housing (18 on MarÃ© and 8 on Lifou). Port Vila – The extremely destructive category 5 cyclone Pam that struck Vanuatu on March 13, 2015 severely affected the provinces of SHEFA, TAFEA, MALAMPA and PENAMA. In the 12 months since the event, more than 50 organisations, both local and international, have worked together under the lead of the Vanuatu Government to ensure relief efforts are coordinated and aid is getting to those who need it most. Residents sought refuge in caves to ride out the storm; two people lost their lives there.. While the impacts and effects of Tropical Cyclone Pam on the Republic of Vanuatu are still being revealed, important lessons are beginning to … , The storm later struck the remote islands of Anuta and Tikopia on 12 March, causing extensive damage. Cyclone impacts on the Wet Tropics region Table 1 provides a summary of notable severe cyclones (Categories 3-5) that have impacted on the Wet Tropics region from 1858 - 2006 5.  A state of emergency was subsequently declared on 14 March. This storm followed recent cyclones that have had devastating impacts on Pacific Island countries, including Cyclone Pam in 2015, Cyclone Sandra in 2012 and Cyclone Evan in 2012. Pam was a category five cyclone where winds reached up to 320 kilometres per hour. "This could have devastating effects for communities living in areas that have already experienced prolonged rains and other impacts from Tropical Cyclone Pam," OCHA said. The Coriolis effect will have also contributed to the spinning of the storm. 1 Government of Vanuatu. Scientists say the devastation caused by Pam, the most powerful cyclone to hit the South Pacific since records began, was aggravated by climate change… Locals reported two fatalities on Tanna, though this was unconfirmed by officials.  The system was located underneath an upper level ridge of high pressure and within an area favourable for further development with low-moderate vertical windshear.  A second CASA-235 was dispatched from French Polynesia carrying tools for rebuilding, satelitte communications, tents and logistics supplies for 10 days.  This intensity was short-lived, however, as Pam's central pressure began rising shortly thereafter as the storm accelerated southeastward. The estimated economic cost of Cyclone Pam on Vanuatu across all sectors was approximately 64% of the country’s GDP.  That day, Pam became quasi-stationary east of the Santa Cruz Islands before resuming its prior southwesterly motion towards the end of 11 March.  An estimated 45 percent of the nation's nearly 10,000 people were displaced, according to Prime Minister Enele Sopoaga. 2 (as of 30 March 2015)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cyclone_Pam&oldid=996016801, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 02:06.  Continuous heavy rain prompted the evacuation of 500 students in West Guadalcanal.  Some voluntary evacuations took place in the Gisborne region. Supplies of water and water purification systems were pre-positioned for the countries. On the one year anniversary of Cyclone Pam, aid organisations on the ground in Vanuatu continue to roll out drought assistance along with its post-cyclone response, even as other catastrophes strike the region.  Trees and crops were flattened, and residents sheltered in schools and in caves after their homes were destroyed. Cyclone Pam, in 2015, affected over 70% of the population in Vanuatu, displaced 65,000 people and resulted in 11 deaths and over 17,000 buildings being damaged or destroyedviii.  Four days after the storm, nearly 60 of the nation's inhabited islands remained cut-off from the outside world. Cyclone Yasi destroyed the sugar cane plantations as well as the banana plantations as previously stated. 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